Propecia is a legal stimulant of hair growth approved as a medication for treatment of male pattern hair loss in men genetically predisposed to baldness.
Propecia is prescribed to treat androgen-dependent alopecia in adult males and not intended to be used in treatment of female pattern baldness.
To stimulate hair growth in men with androgenetic alopecia, Propecia tablets containing 1 mg of active ingredient Finasteride are used. This ingredient has
pharmacological property to interrupt a key reason for the intensive hair loss in men with androgenetic alopecia.
Mechanism of action
A key factor of hair loss in men is high level of androgen hormone Dihydrotestosterone in the blood serum and scalp. Propecia reduces the concentration of
androgenic hormones in the scalp and blood serum due to prevention of transformation of androgenic hormone Testosterone into a more active androgenic
- Each Propecia tablet contains the optimal single dose of Finasteride 1mg sufficient to prevent further hair loss and stimulate new hair growth.
- For successful treatment of male pattern hair loss, a Propecia (Finasteride) 1mg tablet should be taken once a day.
Increase in the dose up to two or more Propecia 1 mg tablets per day does not enhance the rate of hair growth. Therefore, it is not recommended to use more
than one Propecia 1mg tablet per day. To achieve and maintain the best results, Propecia tablets should be taken continuously and regularly, for at least
If you use Propecia on a schedule and forgot to take a regular dose, take the missed dose of this oral stimulant of hair growth as soon as you remember. If
it is almost time for the next Propecia tablet, skip the missed dose of this drug and go back to the assigned dose.
Duration of treatment
Most men with androgenetic alopecia manage to stop hair loss and achieve visible hair growth during the first three months of using Propecia. To achieve a
significant effect, some men require to use Propecia on a regular basis within half a year.
To objectively control the effectiveness of the treatment of male pattern hair loss, the results achieved by means of Propecia should be periodically
evaluated. The treatment of androgenic alopecia is considered successful if Propecia tablets help significantly increase the number of hairs on the head,
and thereby help improve the man’s appearance and self-esteem.
The results of clinical trials show that Propecia efficacy depends on the duration of using this drug.
- When using Propecia for three months, about 65% of men with androgenetic alopecia manage to achieve a significant hair growth.
- When using Propecia for two years, 80% of men with androgen-dependent alopecia achieve a significant regrowth of hair.
Propecia tablets can be taken as long as they prevent hair loss and help to maintain a significant hair growth. During continuous use of Propecia for 5
years, the effectiveness of alopecia treatment is not reduced.
The prolonged use of Propecia does not cause severe side effects. Therefore, Propecia can be used as a long-term maintenance therapy of alopecia for a few
Once the desired result is achieved, the use of Propecia tablets can be stopped. The result achieved by means of Propecia is maintained for 1 year after
the cessation of this hair growth stimulant.
Combined treatment of alopecia
Interaction of Propecia with other oral or topical hair growth stimulants has not been studied. Therefore, the safety of androgenetic therapy with Propecia
If the patient is using hair growth stimulants and finds them inefficient, before to switch medications and start using Propecia tablets, the use of any
other drugs for the alopecia treatment should be discontinued.
Active ingredient Finasteride contained in Propecia tablets may violate the normal development of external genitalia at any stage of growth and development
of male fetus. Furthermore, Propecia can easily be absorbed through the skin.
Because of the potential risks to the male fetus and rapid absorption by the skin, women of childbearing age should avoid any skin contacts with crushed
Propecia tablets and any other crushed drugs containing Finasteride.
Each Propecia tablet is covered with inactive shell, which prevents the skin contact with active ingredient Finasteride. Therefore, in skin contact with
the whole, undamaged Propecia tablet, the risk of Finasteride absorption through the skin is absent.
The most common side effects of Propecia include changes in libido, impotence, and decreased ejaculate volume. The frequency of these side effects varies
in the range from 1 to 2%.
Less than 2% of men involved in the clinical trials of Propecia within 1 year had to stop using this drug because of the apparent side effects.
The results of clinical studies demonstrate that Propecia tablets do not cause severe side effects inmost of the men. Therefore, the benefits of this hair
growth stimulant exceed its potential risks.
Propecia hair growth stimulant is contraindicated in children, adolescents under 18 years old, women, and patients with a history of allergy to
Finasteride, 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors or inactive ingredients contained in Propecia tablets.
Propecia tablets come in blisters or bottles with desiccant of 7, 28, 30, 84, 90 pieces each.
Generic versions of Propecia
Propecia is the most popular, but not the only legal hair growth stimulant containing Finasteride 1mg. Several dozens of generic versions of Propecia are
available in retail sale, such as Aindeem, Damocare, Finapen, Fintab, Fintast, and Maxteride.
All these drugs contain 1 mg of active substance Finasteride; therefore, provide the same effects as Propecia. In many countries of the world, Propecia
generic drugs are marketed under the international nonproprietary name Finasteride.